.US域名-在美国出生

tech2024-06-11  3

Quiz question — what’s the domain name for the United States? Is it .com perhaps? You’d be forgiven for thinking so, as practically all US-based commercial Web sites use the .com domain. But in actual fact, .com is known as a ‘generic top-level domain’ (gTLD); ‘generic’ because parties worldwide can register .com domains without restriction. Other examples of gTLDs are .net and .org.

测验问题-美国的域名是什么? 也许是.com? 您会这​​么认为是可以原谅的,因为几乎所有美国的商业网站都使用.com域。 但实际上,.com被称为“通用顶级域名”(gTLD); 之所以“通用”,是因为世界各地的各方都可以不受限制地注册.com域。 gTLD的其他示例是.net和.org。

什么是.US? (What’s a .US?)

So if it isn’t .com then what is it? The answer is the almost unheard of .us domain. This is the official two-letter ‘country code top-level domain’ (ccTLD) for the USA.

因此,如果不是.com,那是什么? 答案是.us域名几乎闻所未闻。 这是美国官方的两个字母的“国家代码顶级域”(ccTLD)。

Every country in the world has a two-letter domain allocated to it. In Germany, it’s .de. In the UK, it’s .uk, and in Japan, .jp. These country code domains are all incredibly popular in their own countries. In fact, for most European and Asian countries, the country code domain is much more popular than generic domains such as .com. So why doesn’t the same apply to .us in America?

世界上每个国家都有两个字母的域分配给它。 在德国,它是.de。 在英国是.uk,在日本是.jp。 这些国家/地区代码域在自己的国家/地区非常受欢迎。 实际上,对于大多数欧洲和亚洲国家/地区来说,国家/地区代码域比.com等通用域更受欢迎。 那么,为什么在美国.us不适用相同的规定?

The answer is that until now, .us has been a ‘restricted’ domain, and has only been available in the ‘locality space’ at the third level and above.

答案是,到目前为止,.us一直是“受限制”域,并且仅在第三级及更高级别的“位置空间”中可用。

So for instance, it was possible to register www.county.arlington.va.us but not myname.us or mycompany.us. In other words, nobody could register the .us domain they wanted. Because of the restricted nature of the .us domain, American companies, organizations, and individuals naturally turned elsewhere — in particular to the .com generic top-level domain. So .com became the de facto country code domain name for America.

因此,例如,可以注册www.county.arlington.va.us,但不能注册myname.us或mycompany.us。 换句话说,没有人可以注册他们想要的.us域。 由于.us域的局限性,美国公司,组织和个人自然会转向其他地方,尤其是.com通用顶级域。 因此,.com成为了美国事实上的国家代码域名。

But all that has now changed. ICANN wisely decided to open up the .us name space, and make it available for people to register second-level domains, or as they’re better known, domain names.

但是现在一切都变了。 互联网名称与数字地址分配机构(ICANN)明智地决定开放.us命名空间,并使人们可以使用它来注册二级域名,或者众所周知的域名。

谁可以注册.US? (Who Can Register a .US?)

So just who can register a .us domain name? Here is what NeuStar, the official .us registrar have to say about it:

那么,谁可以注册.us域名呢? 这是.us官方注册商NeuStar所说的:

"Any U.S. citizen or resident, as well as any business or organization, including federal, state, and local government with a bona fide presence in the United States can register a .US domain name. One of the following three eligibility requirements must be met:

“任何在美国拥有真实存在的美国公民或居民,以及任何企业或组织,包括联邦,州和地方政府,都可以注册.US域名。必须满足以下三个资格要求之一:

1) A natural person (i) who is a citizen or permanent resident of the United States of America or any of its possessions or territories or (ii) whose primary place of domicile is in the United States of America or any of its possessions, or

1)自然人(i)是美利坚合众国或其任何财产或领土的公民或永久居民,或(ii)主要住所位于美利坚合众国或其任何财产,要么

2) Any entity or organization that is incorporated within one of the fifty (50) U.S. states, the District of Columbia, or any of the United States possessions or territories or (ii) organized or otherwise constituted under the laws of a state of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, or any of its possessions or territories, or

2)在美国五十(50)个州,哥伦比亚特区或美国任何财产或领土内注册成立的任何实体或组织,或(ii)根据该州的法律组织或以其他方式组成的实体或组织美利坚合众国,哥伦比亚特区或其任何财产或领土,或

3) An entity or organization (including federal, state, or local government of the United States, or a political subdivision thereof) that has a bona fide presence in the United States. See Section B.3.1 of the NeuStar proposal to the Department of Commerce for details concerning what constitutes a "bona fide presence."

3)在美国具有真实存在的实体或组织(包括美国的联邦,州或地方政府,或其政治分支)。 有关什么构成“真实存在”的详细信息,请参阅向商务部提出的NeuStar提案的B.3.1节。

So if you’re:

因此,如果您是:

American,

美国, resident in America,

居住在美国 domiciled in America,

居住在美国 have your business incorporated in America, or /# linefeed #

在美国注册您的公司,或/#linefeed# your organization has a ‘bona fide presence’ in America,

您的组织在美国拥有“真正的存在”,

then you are eligible to register one or more .us domains.

那么您就有资格注册一个或多个.us域。

Registrars will require registrants to indicate they are eligible to register .us domains at the time of registration. If any names are registered by parties not eligible, these can be challenged post-registration by activating a dispute policy.

注册服务商将要求注册人在注册时表明他们有资格注册.us域名。 如果任何名称由不符合条件的当事方注册,则可以通过激活争议政策在注册后对这些名称提出质疑。

我什么时候可以注册.US? (When Can I Register a .US?)

On the 24th April 2002, at precisely 10.00 a.m. Eastern Time, live registrations in the .us domain space will be taken for the very first time, on a ‘first come, first served’ basis.

在2002年4月24日(美国东部时间正好10:00),. us域空间中的实时注册将首次进行,以“先到先得”原则进行。

为什么要注册.US? (Why Should I Register a .US?)

Haven’t we all had enough of new domain names? Surely there are enough to go around now? Yes and no. There are plenty of generic top-level domains to choose from, especially with the recent additions of .biz and .info. But .us is unique and importantly at this time, uniquely American.

我们都没有足够的新域名吗? 现在肯定有足够的空间吗? 是的,没有。 有很多通用顶级域名可供选择,尤其是最近增加了.biz和.info时。 但是.us是唯一的,并且在此时重要的是,它是美国的。

It is the country code domain for the United States. Given the understandable recent rise in the levels of patriotism in the States, all the indicators are that .us will prove extremely popular to American people and organizations. If you want a domain name that says you were ‘Born in the USA’, go and register a .us domain name today.

它是美国的国家/地区代码域。 鉴于最近美国爱国主义程度的上升是可以理解的,所有指标都表明.us在美国人民和组织中将非常受欢迎。 如果您想要一个表明自己“出生于美国”的域名,请立即注册一个.us域名。

翻译自: https://www.sitepoint.com/us-domain-names-born-usa/

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